Apply for BAföG to attend school

Service Description

BAföG is the abbreviation for the Federal Training Assistance Act. BAföG is the colloquial term for the funding you can receive under this law. You receive the funding to finance

  • your school attendance or
  • under certain conditions, a prescribed internship as part of your school attendance.

In order to receive the monthly grant, you must meet a number of requirements. The most important are
Your parents and/or your spouse/life partner do not have a higher income.

  • You yourself have no or only a low income, for example from a "mini-job".
  • Your assets are below the allowance of EUR 15,000 up to the age of 30 or EUR 45,000 from the age of 30 or only slightly above.
  • You are aiming to complete your schooling full-time.
  • Age limit: 45 years of age (exceptions are possible)

The amount of your BAföG is based on a fixed monthly requirement. Money is deducted from this requirement if your parents, your spouse/life partner or you yourself earn a little more.
As a student, you will receive the financial support as a grant. You do not have to pay anything back.

In principle, you can receive BAföG if you want to obtain a vocational qualification or a secondary school leaving certificate. However, if you attend a general education school, this only applies from year 10 onwards and only if you cannot live at home (for example, because you cannot complete the desired qualification nearby).
The monthly requirement for pupils is:

  • If you live with your parents:
    • EUR 421 if you are attending a technical college class that requires you to have completed vocational training, an evening grammar school or a college,
    • EUR 262 if you attend a vocational school or a technical college that you can attend without having completed vocational training or
    • EUR 474 if you attend an evening secondary school, vocational college, evening secondary school or specialized secondary school which you can only attend if you have completed vocational training.
  • If you do not live with your parents:
    • A total of EUR 632 if you attend a secondary general school, a vocational school or a specialized upper secondary school that you can attend without having completed vocational training or
    • A total of EUR 736 if you are attending an evening secondary school, vocational college, evening secondary school or technical college that you can only attend if you have completed vocational training.
  • If you have a child under the age of 14 living in your household, you will also receive a childcare allowance: EUR 160 for each child.

You can also receive BAföG if you spend a year abroad during your time at school. If you spend a year abroad, you will receive an allowance towards the travel costs for the outward and return journey.

The following amounts are taken into account, i.e. they reduce your BAföG requirement:

  • The income of your parents and/or your spouse/life partner in the penultimate year before the start of the approval period, if it is above the allowance. The allowance is:
    • EUR 2,415 if your parents live together,
    • EUR 1,605 per parent if your parents live separately and
    • EUR 1,605 for a possible spouse/partner.
    • A further 50% of the parental income calculated in this way - and an additional 5% for each sibling in non-eligible education - is exempt from deductions
    • Note: If your parents or your spouse/partner currently earn significantly less than in the year before last before approval, you can submit an update application.
    • Parent-independent BAföG: Your parents' income is not taken into account if you
      • were gainfully employed for five years after reaching the age of 18 or
      • have completed three years of training and then worked for at least three years (in the case of shorter training, longer employment).
      • In certain exceptional cases, if you are over 30 years old at the start of your training
  • Your own income if it is more than EUR 520 per month.
  • Your own assets if they exceed EUR 15,000 up to the age of 30 or EUR 45,000 after the age of 30.

Note: The starting point for calculating income is generally the total positive income. In the case of training assistance law, this is the gross income minus the

  • income-related expenses,
  • social allowance and the
  • taxes actually paid, including church tax and solidarity surcharge.

Child benefit that your parents receive for you is not taken into account.

If you attend an evening school or college, you will receive parent-independent BAföG. This means that your parents' income is not taken into account in the calculation.

Interns and trainees:

BAföG can only be used to fund internships that you complete while you are in a course of training that is eligible for funding under BAföG.
Only compulsory internships are eligible for funding. These are internships that are prescribed by your training plan, i.e. that you have to do in order to complete or carry out your training. Compulsory internships completed outside the EU are only eligible for funding if they last at least 12 weeks. Compulsory internships within EU member states can also be funded if they are shorter than 12 weeks.

Source: Zuständigkeitsfinder Thüringen (Linie6PLus)

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